Key component

"Grosskurth (1986) reported that when Klein presented "A Study of Envy and Gratitude" for the first time at the Geneva Conference in 1955, Winnicott, "stunned, held his head in his hands, muttering, 'Oh no, she can't do this!' " (p. 414)."

"Grosskurth (1986) reported that when Klein presented "A Study of Envy and Gratitude" for the first time at the Geneva Conference in 1955, Winnicott, "stunned, held his head in his hands, muttering, 'Oh no, she can't do this!' " (p. 414)."

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"In behaviorism, an infant's talents and abilities didn't matter because there was no such thing as a talent or an ability. Watson had banned them from psychology, together with other contents of the mind, such as ideas, beliefs, desires, and feelings.

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They were subjective and unmeasurable, he said, and unfit for science, which studies only objective and measurable things. To a behaviorist, the only legitimate topic for psychology is overt behavior and how it is controlled by the present and past environment.

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(There is an old joke in psychology: What does a behaviorist say after making love? ―It was good for you; how was it for me?”)”

Steven Pinker

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"Even sexual desire was redefined as a conditioned response. The psychologist Zing Yang Kuo wrote in 1929:

'Behavior is not a manifestation of hereditary factors, nor can it be expressed in terms of heredity.

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[It is] a passive and forced movement mechanically and solely determined by the structural pattern of the organism and the nature of environmental forces….

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All our sexual appetites are the result of social stimulation. The organism possesses no ready-made reaction to the other sex, any more than it possesses innate ideas.'

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Behaviorists believed that behavior could be understood independently of the rest of biology,
without attention to the genetic makeup of the animal or the evolutionary history of the species.

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Psychology came to consist of the study of learning in laboratory animals. B. E. Skinner (1904–1990)…"

Steven Pinker

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"Burrhus Frederic Skinner (March 20, 1904 – August 18, 1990) was an American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher. He was a professor of psychology at Harvard University from 1958 until his retirement in 1974."

Gaia

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