Favorite philosophers

“Let us return for a moment to Schopenhauer’s citation of Kant and Plato as his two favorite philosophers. We were considering what Plato and Kant have in common, and what divides them.

In addition to their difference over the ultimate reality of natural kinds, Plato and Kant seem to differ in their degree of epistemic optimism. Kant says that metaphysical knowledge (knowledge of ultimate reality or the thing-in-itself ) is just flat-out impossible. All philosophy can do, according to Kant, is “critique,” the activity of finding out the a priori conditions of knowledge.

Plato, by contrast, seems to believe that a few people can actually know ultimate reality, at least to some extent—this is suggested by the allegory of the cave in Book VII of Republic.

Indeed, for Plato, in some sense we all know ultimate reality but have forgotten it, and the most intelligent or gifted souls are the ones who can be stimulated to remember. Schopenhauer, with his doctrine of the Ideas or grades of the Will’s objectification, and with his notion that the artist of genius can know these Ideas, seems to be trying to recapture Plato’s hopefulness.”

Barbara Hannan – The Riddle of the World

A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer’s Philosophy

psikoserum tarafından yayımlandı

Kocaeli Üniversitesi Psikolojik Danışmanlık ve Rehberlik

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